Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 848)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 27°N - 30°S, 42°E - 137°W (Ref. 848)
Indo-Pacific: Madagascar to Polynesia, north to Ryukyu Islands and south to Australia.
In subtropical localities: often flat, solitary, and less than 60 mm across. In the tropics: larger, sometimes colonial. The slope of the septa up from the columella to an indistinct wall and the slope down of the costae to the periphery gives the fleshy mantle of the polyps a distinct concentric texture. Secondary centers present near the colony center and around the periphery. Sturdy septo-costae have large blunt teeth. Color: usually dark green or tan (Ref. 848).
Maximum depth from Ref. 98471. Occurs in most reef environments (Ref. 848). Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models