Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Hayward, P.J. 1971. (Ref. 1442)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 9 - 52 m (Ref. 1442)
Climate / Range
Western Atlantic, Southern Pacific and the Mediterranean Sea: Temperate and subtropical.
Depth range from Isles of Scilly record (Ref. 1442); to be replaced with a better reference. Found on Laminaria holdfast, rocks and coarse sand (Ref. 1442). This is a suspension feeder (Ref. 3477). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models