Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; depth range 9 - 27 m (Ref. 1442). Temperate
Northeast Atlantic, Antarctic and the Mediterranean Sea: Crozet Island, Germany and UK. Temperate and subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Depth range from Isles of Scilly record (Ref. 1442); to be replaced with a better reference. Found on Laminaria holdfast and rocks (Ref. 1442). This is a suspension feeder (Ref. 3477). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Hayward, P.J. 1971. (Ref. 1442)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 8.5 - 12.5, mean 10.5 (based on 380 cells; Ref. 115970