Malacostraca | Decapoda
Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 32.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 441)
Benthic; depth range 5 - 200 m (Ref. 4), usually 5 - 70 m (Ref. 4)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 17°N - 16°S, 19°W - 14°E (Ref. 4)
Eastern Atlantic: West Africa from Senegal to Angola.
Occurs mostly in depths between 5 and 70 m, but also reported from deeper waters (beyond 200 m); on substrates of sand and rock, sometimes on mud (Ref. 4). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (22 of 100)