Cephalopoda | Sepiolida | Sepiolidae | Sepiolinae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS
Jereb, P. and C.F.E. Roper (eds.). 2005. (Ref. 1695)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 3.3 cm ML male/unsexed; (Ref. 1695)
Demersal; depth range 25 - 475 m (Ref. 1695)
Climate / Range
Subtropical; 62°N - 28°N, 13°W - 37°E (Ref. 1695)
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean: from Norway to Morocco.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
Preferentially inhabits muddy substrates in depths between 25 to 475 m. Spawns continuously throughout the year. Often associated with Rossa macrosoma and Sepietta oweniana. Although less common, is caught along with other species of the genus and is sold and consumed locally (Ref. 1695). Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Male and female adults usually die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively. Mating behavior: Males perform various displays to attract potential females for copulation. During copulation, male grasp the female and inserts the hectocotylus into the female's mantle cavity where fertilization usually occurs. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into planktonic stage and live for some time before they grow larger and take up a benthic existence as adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)