Cephalopoda | Sepiolida | Sepiolidae | Sepiolinae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS
Jereb, P. and C.F.E. Roper (eds.). 2005. (Ref. 1695)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 2.5 cm ML male/unsexed; (Ref. 1695); 2.5 cm ML (female)
Demersal; depth range 15 - 178 m (Ref. 1695), usually 15 - 30 m (Ref. 1695)
Climate / Range
Subtropical; 46°N - 34°N, 6°W - 26°E (Ref. 1695)
Mediterranean Sea: Europe.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
Endemic to the Mediterranean. Typically abundant over shallow waters of 15 to 30 m (but has been found at depths of a little over 150 m), generally on sandy or sandy-muddy substrates. Spawning possibly in one single event as well as continuous or intermittent. Maximum spawning duration observed is 2 months and all animals die afterwards. Exhibits a great variety of colour patterns marked with rapid colour changes during prey capture. Commonly caught by small-scale and artisanal fisheries and consumed locally together with other species of the group (Ref. 1695). Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Male and female adults usually die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively. Mating behavior: Males perform various displays to attract potential females for copulation. During copulation, male grasp the female and inserts the hectocotylus into the female's mantle cavity where fertilization usually occurs. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into planktonic stage and live for some time before they grow larger and take up a benthic existence as adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)