Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko. 2003. (Ref. 1663)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 0.3 cm CORD male/unsexed; (Ref. 847)
Benthic; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 847)
Climate / Range
Subtropical; 34°N - 5°S, 98°W - 12°E (Ref. 847)
Western Indian Ocean and Atlantic Ocean.
Appears as uniform light brown colonies that are massive, usually less then 300 mm across and sometimes occur as free-living mobile balls. Corallites are rounded, deep and irregular about 2.5-3 mm diameter. Septa are in clearly defined three cycles.
Found on shallow reef (Ref. 847). Either gonochoric or hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models