Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 847)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 10 m (Ref. 98471)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 31°N - 27°S, 32°E - 180°E (Ref. 847)
Indo-West Pacific: Mozambique to Philippines, Micronesia and Fiji.
Found on shallow reef environments or sandy lagoons where colonies are often partly buried in sand (Ref. 847). Specifically found on sandy-scoured rocks and at the base of coral reefs (Ref. 102838). Found in environments with very high salinity and high temperature (Ref. 98471). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models