Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 2000 m (Ref. 87091)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 33°N - 8°N, 98°W - 58°W (Ref. 847)
Western Indian Ocean and Western Atlantic.
Colonies are encrusting to massive. Corallites with numerous septa tightly compacted giving a smooth surface. Septa are uniformly separated and reduce numbers from the wall to the columella without forming many fan-like fusions. Usually light reddish brown in color.
Common throughout the Caribbean on protected shallow reefs or deeper reefs (Ref. 415). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models