Murina, G.V.V., M.A. Pancucci-Papadopoulou and A. Zenetos. 1999. (Ref. 775)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 100 - 3000 m (Ref. 1456)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 0° - 57°N (Ref. 775)
Indian Ocean and Mediterranean: Australia, Red Sea (Ref. 1456), Greece (Ref. 1819), Monaco, North Atlantic (from equator to 57 degrees North (Ref. 775)) and Southwest and Western Central Pacific (Ref.1871). Tropical to boreal.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
Longitudinal muscle bands from 20 to 24; commonly, 21-22. Nephridia: short and free. Brain: elongated and flattened and lobes are not prominent; processes, not yet developed. Tentacular membrane: divided into 8-12 lobes or lappets. Body wall: often semi-transparent.
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models