Sipunculidea | Sipunculiformes
Environment / Climate / Range
Benthic; depth range 100 - 3000 m (Ref. 1456). Tropical; 0° - 57°N (Ref. 775)
Indian Ocean and Mediterranean: Australia, Red Sea (Ref. 1456), Greece (Ref. 1819), Monaco, North Atlantic (from equator to 57 degrees North (Ref. 775)) and Southwest and Western Central Pacific (Ref.1871). Tropical to boreal.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Longitudinal muscle bands from 20 to 24; commonly, 21-22. Nephridia: short and free. Brain: elongated and flattened and lobes are not prominent; processes, not yet developed. Tentacular membrane: divided into 8-12 lobes or lappets. Body wall: often semi-transparent.
Known as a benthic species (Ref. 85346). Intertidal (Ref. 775) and subtidal to continental rise, shelf, slope (Ref. 1456); on mud (Ref. 775) and in deeper cool water in the sublittoral and bathyal depths (Ref. 1840).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Murina, G.V.V., M.A. Pancucci-Papadopoulou and A. Zenetos. 1999. (Ref. 775)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Common namesSynonymsPredatorsReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
Estimates of some properties based on models