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Sipunculus phalloides   (Pallas, 1774)


Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Sipunculus phalloides   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Sipunculus phalloides
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Sipunculidea | Sipunculiformes | Sipunculidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Demersal; depth range 1 - 370 m (Ref. 1840).  Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Pacific Ocean separates the two subspecies. Sipunculus phalloides phalloides: Caribbean from the West Indies, Barbados and Brazil; Eastern Pacific, from Costa Rica and Galapagos Islands; and, eastern Atlantic, off Ivory Coast. Sipunculus phalloides inclusus: Indonesia and southern Japan. Mostly tropical.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm

Short description Morphology

Sipunculus phalloides phalloides: large worm, has 35-41 longitudinal muscle bands (LMBs) and do not subdivide in glans region. Unattached nephridia. Nephridiopores are open between 4 and 8 LMBs. Spindle muscle, weakly developed. Ventral retractors originate from 1 or 2 LMBs and extend over 2-6 bands while dorsal start on 12-16 LMBs and spread over 2-6 bands. Sipunculus phalloides inclusus/i>: There is more fusion or splitting of LMBs from anterior to posterior (Ref. 1840).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Sipunculus phalloides phalloides: inhabits intertidal, shallow water species in the Caribbean, Eastern Pacific and Atlantic. Sipunculus phalloides inclusus/i>: Inhabits 1-370 m (Ref. 1840). Sipunculus phalloides phalloides: inhabits intertidal, shallow water species in the Carribbean, Eastern Pacific and Atlantic. Sipunculus phalloides inclusus/i>: Inhabits 1-370 m (Ref. 1840).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Cutler, E.B. 1994. (Ref. 1840)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown