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Sipunculus phalloides   (Pallas, 1774)


Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Sipunculus phalloides   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification
Sipunculidea | Sipunculiformes | Sipunculidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Cutler, E.B. 1994. (Ref. 1840)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age

Environment
Demersal; depth range 1 - 370 m (Ref. 1840)

Climate / Range
Tropical

Distribution
Pacific Ocean separates the two subspecies. Sipunculus phalloides phalloides: Caribbean from the West Indies, Barbados and Brazil; Eastern Pacific, from Costa Rica and Galapagos Islands; and, eastern Atlantic, off Ivory Coast. Sipunculus phalloides inclusus: Indonesia and southern Japan. Mostly tropical.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Sipunculus phalloides phalloides: large worm, has 35-41 longitudinal muscle bands (LMBs) and do not subdivide in glans region. Unattached nephridia. Nephridiopores are open between 4 and 8 LMBs. Spindle muscle, weakly developed. Ventral retractors originate from 1 or 2 LMBs and extend over 2-6 bands while dorsal start on 12-16 LMBs and spread over 2-6 bands. Sipunculus phalloides inclusus/i>: There is more fusion or splitting of LMBs from anterior to posterior (Ref. 1840).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Sipunculus phalloides phalloides: inhabits intertidal, shallow water species in the Caribbean, Eastern Pacific and Atlantic. Sipunculus phalloides inclusus/i>: Inhabits 1-370 m (Ref. 1840). Sipunculus phalloides phalloides: inhabits intertidal, shallow water species in the Carribbean, Eastern Pacific and Atlantic. Sipunculus phalloides inclusus/i>: Inhabits 1-370 m (Ref. 1840).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses

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More information

Countries
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Ecology
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Common names
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Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
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Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown