Demospongiae | Dictyoceratida
Diaz, M.C. and K. Ruetzler. 2009. (Ref. 86836)
Size / Weight / Age
Climate / Range
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean.
Massive, often forming groups of adjacent oscular mounds or volcanos. Color varies from brown skin-yellow oscules and flesh; to light greenish skin-yellow green oscules and flesh. Dermis resting on fibers is honeycomb patterned. Darkens and exudes mucus when handled.
Found in mangroves (Ref. 86836). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models