Maxillopoda | Pedunculata | Scalpellidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS
Wirtz, P., R. AraÃºjo and A.J. Southward. 2006. (Ref. 2767)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 61 - 2480 m (Ref. 2777), usually 61 - 2480 m (Ref. 2777)
Climate / Range
Cosmopolitan in deep seas.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
Minimum depth from Ref. 2767 is 1,500 m. Occurs at depths deeper than 1500 m (Ref. 2767). Members of the superorder Thoracica are mostly hermaphroditic. Broadcast spawners, fertilization occurs in the mantle cavity. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into planktonic nauplii and leave the mantle cavity. Afterwards, they undergo six naupliar instars succeded by nonfeeding cypris larva (settling stage) which later metamorphose into adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models