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Somateria spectabilis   (Linnaeus, 1758)

king eider

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Somateria spectabilis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification
Aves | Anseriformes | Anatidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
max. published weight: 1.6 kg (Ref. 356)

Environment
Others

Climate / Range
Polar

Distribution
Northeast Pacific and Northern Atlantic.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Culmen: 3.175 cm; tarsus: 4.6 cm; wing: 27.35 cm.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Coastal (Ref. 356). A boreal species (Ref. 95075). Winters in the north Pacific (Ref. 356). Also, in northern Norway where it is sympatrically associated with Common Eiders, Somateria mollissima, through feeding depth segregation; diving to >20 m, in areas dominated by cobble. Diet studies reflect its deep-water feeding habit, preferring low energetic food such as echinoderms. Possibly one of the most deep-diving species of sea ducks; with flocks observed diving to depths of 40 m (Ref. 60129). Displays surface-diving and head-dipping (Ref. 356). Generally diurnal feeders. Often feed in densely packed rafts of up to about 70 individuals, with highly synchronized diving; occassionally feeding singly or in loose flocks with unsynchronized diving. At sea, feed primarily on benthos, specifically molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms. Principal moulting area in the eastern Canadian Arctic is in the Disko Bay region, central West Greenland, with about 100,000 birds congregating in autumn. Active during the day, resting at mid-day and during the night offshore on the deepest waters of the fjords. Generally shy birds, particularly during molting (Ref. 95257).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses

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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown