Demospongiae | Hadromerida
Southern Ocean Mollusc Database (SOMBASE). 2011. (Ref. 87340)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 17 - 450 m (Ref. 89939)
Climate / Range
Dome-shaped or spheroidal. Dense short piles of cortical microtyles present on surface, with several usually elongated papillae with or without a large terminal orifice. Cortex with dermal pores, with each pore opening into one tubular canal (Ref. 089939).
Inhabits mostly hard bottoms; occasional on mud (Ref. 089939). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models