Demospongiae | Hadromerida
Bisby, F.A., M.A. Ruggiero, K.L. Wilson, M. Cachuela-Palacio, S.W. Kimani, Y.R. Roskov, A. Soulier-Perkins and J. van Hertum. 2005. (Ref. 19)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 865)
Sessile; depth range 0 - 26 m (Ref. 865)
Climate / Range
Eastern Central Pacific: Central California to central Baja California.
Massive, smooth, gray with leathery texture, numerous crater-like oscula on the outer ridge (Ref. 865). May grow to thickness of 30 cm and 100 cm in length (Ref. 865). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models