Demospongiae | Hadromerida
Environment / Climate / Range
Reef-associated; depth range 5 - 15 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic: USA and Caribbean wide.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Massive amorphous to cake shaped. Surface with round low elevations. Large oscules: 0.8 - 1.5 cm wide and small oscules; 0.1 - 0.2cm wide aggregated. Compressible but dense in consistency (Ref. 415). May be roughly globular. Surface is smooth and non-porous, with clusters of pore sieves. External and internal color: black, charcoal or dark gray. External often covered with pale sediment and algal turf (Ref. 85482).
Common on hard, inshore, shallow bottoms and on seagrass beds; less common on shallow reefs. Internal canal system supports an abundance and diverse invertebrate fauna. Known from depths between 0.5 to about 18 m (Ref. 85482). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models