Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment / Climate / Range
Southeast Pacific and Southwest Atlantic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 70.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91362); common length : 70.0 cm tl male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 4.1 kg (Ref. 356)
Total population is estimated between 4,500,000 and 10 million birds. There is an observed population decline towards the end of the 19th century although their range has extended northwards (Ref. 84934). This is known as a noisy, gregarious but timid species which are found to nest in burrows (Ref. 91362). Pursuit diving (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Harrison, P. 1987. (Ref. 91362)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimates of some properties based on models