Demospongiae | Hadromerida
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; brackish; depth range 0 - 15 m (Ref. 415)
Climate / Range
Thin encrusting: 0.1 - 0.5 cm bright red sponge. Internally the color grades from red to brown or orange. Smooth surface, leathery to the touch. Small oscules: 0.05 - 0.2 cm in diameter often on small mounds, with star shaped transparent canals departing from the oscula (Ref. 415).
Minimum depth from Ref. 108813. Rare species in between coral rubble, usually cryptic; 1 to 15 m deep (Ref. 415). Also occurs in mangrove ponds (Ref. 86789). In Belize, it was found in a submarine cave near Columbus Cay (Ref. 87209). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models