Demospongiae | Hadromerida
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 0 - 15 m (Ref. 415). Subtropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Minimum depth from Ref. 108813. Rare species in between coral rubble, usually cryptic; 1 to 15 m deep (Ref. 415). Also occurs in mangrove ponds (Ref. 86789). In Belize, it was found in a submarine cave near Columbus Cay (Ref. 87209). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Thin encrusting: 0.1 - 0.5 cm bright red sponge. Internally the color grades from red to brown or orange. Smooth surface, leathery to the touch. Small oscules: 0.05 - 0.2 cm in diameter often on small mounds, with star shaped transparent canals departing from the oscula (Ref. 415).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 23.5 - 28.3, mean 27.2 (based on 410 cells; Ref. 115970