Demospongiae | Hadromerida
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 10 m (Ref. 415). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 4.0 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Maximum thickness: 4 cm (Ref. 415). Common between and under coral rubble, in shallow reefs and seagrass environments; 1 to 10 m deep (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Thick encrusting up to 4 cm thick. Dull reddish to brown externally, lighter color internally. Smooth surface, leathery to the touch. Compressible in consistency (Ref. 415).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)