Demospongiae | Hadromerida
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 10 m (Ref. 415). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 4.0 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Thick encrusting up to 4 cm thick. Dull reddish to brown externally, lighter color internally. Smooth surface, leathery to the touch. Compressible in consistency (Ref. 415).
Maximum thickness: 4 cm (Ref. 415). Common between and under coral rubble, in shallow reefs and seagrass environments; 1 to 10 m deep (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)