Demospongiae | Hadromerida
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; brackish. Tropical
Caribbean Sea: Belize and Panama.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.5 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Encrusting: 0.3 - 0.5 cm thick, with meandering dermal canals that depart from large collared-oscula; 0.5 - 2 cm. Milky-orange, yellowish to brownish red externally, lighter to yellowish internally. Consistency soft, smooth surface (Ref. 415).
Maximum body thickness: 0.5 cm (Ref. 415). Rare to common encrusting red mangrove roots, peat banks, and oyster shells (Ref. 415). Common to abundant in mangrove ponds (Ref. 86789). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)