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Spirastrella mollis   Verill, 1907

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Spirastrella mollis
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Demospongiae | Hadromerida | Spirastrellidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Sessile; brackish.  Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Caribbean Sea: Belize and Panama.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.5 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)

Short description Morphology

Encrusting: 0.3 - 0.5 cm thick, with meandering dermal canals that depart from large collared-oscula; 0.5 - 2 cm. Milky-orange, yellowish to brownish red externally, lighter to yellowish internally. Consistency soft, smooth surface (Ref. 415).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum body thickness: 0.5 cm (Ref. 415). Rare to common encrusting red mangrove roots, peat banks, and oyster shells (Ref. 415). Common to abundant in mangrove ponds (Ref. 86789). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown