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Spisula subtruncata   (da Costa, 1778)

subtruncate surf clam
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Spisula subtruncata
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Bivalvia | Veneroida | Mactridae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Benthic; brackish; depth range 25 - 25 m (Ref. 2758).  Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 3.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7882)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Depth based on occurrence (Ref. 2758, p. 805); to be replaced with better reference. Species' maximum length from the Belgian part of the North Sea (Ref. 7882). Found in subtidal environment in coastal areas of Europe (Ref. 80598). Lives in shallow soft bottoms (Ref. 80581); in varied sediment types: from fine to coarse sand and mud (Ref. 7882). An active suspension feeder (Ref. 96376). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833). Spawning occurs in spring (Ref. 80598).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Gaspar, M.B., M.N. Santos and P. Vasconcelos. 2001. (Ref. 2758)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Low