Bivalvia | Ostreoida
Spurgeon, A. 2007. (Ref. 8121)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 0 - 113 m (Ref. 8121)
Climate / Range
Southwest Pacific: New Zealand and Kermadec.
Found from depths of 5 to 40 m on reefs, generally under overhangs (Ref. 337). Single valves, often of large size, commonly washed up on the beaches (Ref. 88739). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models