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Spongia nitens   (Schmidt, 1862)

shiny sponge
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Spongia nitens
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Demospongiae | Dictyoceratida | Spongiidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Sessile, usually 5 - 60 m (Ref. 363).  Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Mediterranean.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 20.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 363)

Short description Morphology

Maximum size: seldom exceed 15 to 20 cm in diameter. Massive sponge; generally with lobes short and round-offs; finished by a osculus a few mm in diameter and laterally traversed by radiant; visible surface channels under ectosome. Surface small and regular glazes of conules. Primary: 0.004 to 0.006 cm diameter; well individualized fibers; equipped with a sinuous marrow occupying approximately one the third of fiber; generally deprived of foreign bodies (sometimes with some rare spicules foreign). Secondary fibers: 0.0022 to 0.0035 cm diameter; in dense network, with often a surface finer fiber network (0.0004 to 0.001 cm). Color: yellowish white, often rust inside.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Species to very flexible skeleton, probably more "fine" of all commercial sponge; it is not exploited on a commercial basis, undoubtedly because of its small size, its relatively low abundance and its brittleness (Ref. 363). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Vacelet, J. 1987. (Ref. 363)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless

Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
| FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown