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Spongia nitens   (Schmidt, 1862)

shiny sponge
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Image of Spongia nitens (shiny sponge)
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Classification
Demospongiae | Dictyoceratida | Spongiidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Vacelet, J. 1987. (Ref. 363)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 20.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 363)

Environment
Sessile, usually 5 - 60 m (Ref. 363)

Climate / Range
Subtropical

Distribution
Mediterranean.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Maximum size: seldom exceed 15 to 20 cm in diameter. Massive sponge; generally with lobes short and round-offs; finished by a osculus a few mm in diameter and laterally traversed by radiant; visible surface channels under ectosome. Surface small and regular glazes of conules. Primary: 0.004 to 0.006 cm diameter; well individualized fibers; equipped with a sinuous marrow occupying approximately one the third of fiber; generally deprived of foreign bodies (sometimes with some rare spicules foreign). Secondary fibers: 0.0022 to 0.0035 cm diameter; in dense network, with often a surface finer fiber network (0.0004 to 0.001 cm). Color: yellowish white, often rust inside.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Species to very flexible skeleton, probably more "fine" of all commercial sponge; it is not exploited on a commercial basis, undoubtedly because of its small size, its relatively low abundance and its brittleness (Ref. 363). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses
Fisheries: of no interest
| FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown