Demospongiae | Dictyoceratida
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 10 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Common on mangrove roots (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Massive-amorphous to globular. Black externally and tan internally. Surface smooth to the eye, but microconulose under the microscope. Conules : 0.02 cm high, 0.1 cm apart. Membrane-bearing oscula 0.5 - 1 cm dispersed irregularly over the sponge body. Compressible, easy to cut (Ref. 415).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models
): 26.4 - 28.3, mean 27.4 (based on 373 cells; Ref. 115970