Demospongiae | Dictyoceratida
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 10 m (Ref. 108813)
Climate / Range
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean.
Massive-amorphous to globular. Black externally and tan internally. Surface smooth to the eye, but microconulose under the microscope. Conules : 0.02 cm high, 0.1 cm apart. Membrane-bearing oscula 0.5 - 1 cm dispersed irregularly over the sponge body. Compressible, easy to cut (Ref. 415).
Common on mangrove roots (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models