Demospongiae | Dictyoceratida
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 0.5 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 415); common length : 1.0 cm H male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 3 m (Ref. 108813)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 25°C - 33°C (Ref. 86836)
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean.
Maximum Width: 0.5 cm. Height: 0.5 - 1 cm. Massive sponge, with oscular tubes. Brown to black in color externally, tan internally. Conulose surface, some tubercle-like projections: few mm high, 0.2 - 0.3 cm wide. Compressible.
Common to rare on mangrove roots (Ref. 415). Hosts alpheid shrimps on its canals (Ref. 83410). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)