Demospongiae | Dictyoceratida
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 3 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical; 25°C - 33°C (Ref. 86836)
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.5 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 415); common length : 1.0 cm H male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Maximum Width: 0.5 cm. Height: 0.5 - 1 cm. Massive sponge, with oscular tubes. Brown to black in color externally, tan internally. Conulose surface, some tubercle-like projections: few mm high, 0.2 - 0.3 cm wide. Compressible.
Common to rare on mangrove roots (Ref. 415). Hosts alpheid shrimps on its canals (Ref. 83410). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)