Demospongiae | Dictyoceratida
Vacelet, J. 1987. (Ref. 363)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile, usually 0 - 80 m (Ref. 363)
Climate / Range
Southeast Pacific, Central Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
Sponge covering, thick from 0.5 to 1 cm, equipped with conical papillae oculifera from 0.5 to 1.5 cm in height on 0.3 to 0.4 cm of diameter. Conules small, localized on the papillae; the remainder of surface is smooth. Primary: 0.004 - 0.005 cm diameter, rare fibers, with foreign bodies. Secondary fibers: 0.004 - 0.005 in-depth cm, 0.0007 - 0.002 cm on the surface. Color: Yellowish with dark chestnut (Ref. 363).
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models