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Staurotheca frigida   Peña Cantero, Svoboda & Vervoort, 1997


Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Staurotheca frigida   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification
Hydrozoa | Leptothecata | Sertulariidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Peña Cantero, A.L. and W. Vervoort. 2003. (Ref. 7414)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 9.0 cm COLD male/unsexed; (Ref. 7414)

Environment
Benthic; depth range 57 - 550 m (Ref. 7414)

Climate / Range
Polar

Distribution
Antarctic.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Colonies composed of a mass of tightly interwoven branches and stems, giving the colony the aspect of a globular network, up to 9 cm in diameter. Branching frequent, irregular and in several planes; with anastomoses. Hydrothecae arranged in decussate pairs, forming four longitudinal rows of hydrothecae. Hydrothecae immersed into the branches for approximately one-third of their volume. Adcauline hydrothecal wall free for one eighth to one-third of its length. Free adcauline wall approximately straight. Abcauline wall almost straight, though becoming concave distally. Hydrothecal aperture mainly circular and slightly tilted downwards; rim either even and the aperture circular, or uneven, due to the presence of a more or less distinct abcauline elevation. Male and female gonothecae present. Female gonothecae as those of Staurotheca antarctica and Staurotheca compressa. Male gonothecae fusiform, occasionally with a few downwardly directed digitiform processes.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Depth based on occurrence record; to be replaced with better reference. Growing on epibiotic on hydroids and on non-calcified bryozoans. Also found it epibiotic on bryozoans; used in turn as a substratum by other hydroids (Ref. 7414). Fertile throughout the year, except during winter (Ref. 7414).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)