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Staurotheca pachyclada   (Jäderholm, 1904)


Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Staurotheca pachyclada   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Staurotheca pachyclada
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Hydrozoa | Leptothecata | Sertulariidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 42 - 1405 m (Ref. 7414).  Polar

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Antarctic: South Shetland, South Georgia and Antarctica.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 16.0 cm H male/unsexed; (Ref. 7414)

Short description Morphology

Stems erect, polysiphonic, up to 16 cm high, usually deprived of branches basally. Branching scarce, irregularly pinnate, usually simple and in various planes. Stem and branches sometimes with a few perisarc constrictions. Branches strongly narrowed basally. Perisarc frequently striated. Hydrothecae present over entire length of colony, though only visible in monosiphonic parts. Hydrothecae arranged in decussate verticils of three to six hydrothecae, forming 6 to 12 longitudinal rows, cylindrical in lateral view, immersed into the branches for ca two-thirds of their volume and adcaudally almost fully adnate. In frontal view hydrotheca cylindrical at upper half, but distinctly widening basally; frequently constricted at about half its length. Hydrothecal aperture circular and tilted downwards, forming an acute angle with long axis of branches. Rim even, usually with a shallow renovation. Hydrothecae lacking mushroom-shaped diaphragm. Female gonothecae present, originating at hydrothecal base. Gonotheca oval, slightly constricted apically to form a short neck. Gonothecal aperture laterally depressed as the uneven rim is provided with two lobes, an adcauline and a much larger abcauline lobe. Gonothecal wall provided with a series of striae.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Length based on stems height. Eurybathic species having found at depths 42 to 1405 m on bottoms of mud, stones and stones with mud (Ref. 7414). Fertile colonies are collected in January and December to February, (Ref. 7414).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Fertile colonies are collected in January and December to February,

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Peña Cantero, A.L. and W. Vervoort. 2003. (Ref. 7414)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)