Appendicularia | Copelata
Environment / Climate / Range
Pelagic; depth range 0 - 1300 m (Ref. 1134). Subtropical
Indo-Pacific, Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 1.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1610)
Minimum depth from Ref. 3475. Marine, planktonic; surface waters of warmer oceanic regions (Ref. 1134). Members of the class Appendicularia are protandrous hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Eggs develop into hatchlings (feeding juveniles) before turning into adults (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Appendicularia are protandrous hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Eggs develop into hatchlings (feeding juveniles) before turning into adults.
Kott, P. 2005. (Ref. 1134)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 7.7 - 18.3, mean 11.8 (based on 1073 cells; Ref. 115970
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)