Aves | Charadriiformes
Environment / Climate / Range
Northeast Pacific, Western Atlantic and the Mediterranean: Chile, Costa Rica, Egypt and North America.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 58.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 297.00 g (Ref. 356)
Culmen: 2.76 cm; tarsus: 4.28 cm; wing: 29.42 cm.
Total Length: 50 to 58 cm; Wingspan: 76 to 84 cm (Ref. 8812). Northern distribution (Ref. 87784). Coastal; <35 km. Exhibits kleptoparasitism; scavengers (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100)