Aves | Charadriiformes
Environment / Climate / Range
Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean. Subtropical to temperate.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 66.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 1.4 kg (Ref. 356)
Total Length: 51 to 66 cm; Wingspan: 145 to 155 cm (Ref. 8812). A coastal continental shelf species exhibiting scavenging and surface seizing (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Harrison, P. 1983. (Ref. 8812)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100)