Aves | Ciconiiformes
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 41.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 190.00 g (Ref. 356)
Climate / Range
Eastern Pacific and Atlantic Ocean.
Culmen: 5.93 cm; tarsus: 2.43 cm; wing: 27.09 cm.
Total Length: 35 to 41 cm; Wingspan: 76 to 81 cm (Ref. 8812). Coastal (Ref. 356). Nests in marshes; changes nesting site yearly. Piscivorous (Ref. 87786). Displays dipping behavior (Ref. 356). Embryonic deaths, subcutaneous and pericardial edema, growth disruption, liver damage, and unsuccessful breeding and development linked to exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) in the Great Lakes (Ref. 87784).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100)