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Sterna sandvicensis   Latham, 1787

sandwich tern

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Sterna sandvicensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification
Aves | Ciconiiformes | Laridae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Stienen, E.W.M. and A. Brenninkmeijer. 2002. (Ref. 5815)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 300.00 g (Ref. 356)

Environment
Others; brackish

Climate / Range
Tropical

Distribution
Eastern Central Pacific, Indian Ocean and Atlantic Ocean.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Culmen: 5.8 cm; tarsus: 2.54 cm; wing: 32.5 cm.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Total Length: 40 to 45 cm; Wingspan: 91 to 94 cm (Ref. 8812). A coastal species (Ref. 356). Primarily foraging inshore. In the North Sea off the east coast of Scotland and northern England, they are known to partially feed on the sandeel, Ammodytes marinus. Breeding pairs share incubation and chick-rearing duties in nesting colonies. They surface-feed by scooping prey from the water and carry it in their bills (Ref. 95711). Displays plunge-diving behavior (Ref. 356). Adults feed their chicks with regurgitated food (Ref. 95711).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses

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More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown