Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment / Climate / Range
Southern Pacific, Southern Atlantic and the Antarctic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 41.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 143.10 g (Ref. 356)
Wingspan: 79 cm (Ref. 8812). Surface plunging; dipping; coastal; close affinities with ice in winter (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
Wing: 26.25 cm.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): -1.8 - 7.4, mean -1 (based on 345 cells; Ref. 115970
Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100)