Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment / Climate / Range
Indo-West Pacific and the Mediterranean: Europe, Asia, Africa.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 28.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 60.00 g (Ref. 356)
Culmen: 3.2 cm; wing: 18.0 cm.
Total Length: 20 to 28 cm; Wingspan: 50 to 55 cm (Ref. 8812). Pursuit diving; dipping; coastal; offshore islands (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lepage, D. 2007. (Ref. 7816)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 8.4 - 29.1, mean 26.4 (based on 4716 cells).
Low vulnerability (18 of 100)