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Stichopus chloronotus   Brandt, 1835

greenfish

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Stichopus chloronotus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Stichopus chloronotus (greenfish)
Picture by Tabaranza, Don Geoff

Classification Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Holothuroidea | Aspidochirotida | Stichopodidae

Main reference References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Conand, C. 1998. (Ref. 122)

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 122); common length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 122); max. published weight: 400.00 g (Ref. 122)

Environment

Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 15 m (Ref. 122)

Climate / Range

Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-Pacific, excluding Persian Gulf and Hawaii. Tropical and subtropical.

Short description

Mean live weight: 100-400 g. Body-wall thickness 0.2 cm. Body firm, rigid with quadrangular section, flattened ventrally (trivium); body wall easily disintegrates outside sea water. Radii of bivium with characteristic double row of large papillae, each radius ending in a small red or orange papilla. Trivium delimited by characteristic double row of large papillae; stout podia arranged regularly on 3 radial bands, with 10 rows in the medio-ventral band and 5 in the lateral. Mouth ventral, surrounded by a row of papillae and 20 green, stout tentacles. Anus terminal. Calcareous ring with large radial pieces and narrow interradials. Cuvierian tubules absent. Cloaca large and greenish. Bivium dark green to black; trivium lighter. Spicules with very characteristic tables with a narrow disc showing 4 holes, bearing a spire generally ending in a moderately spiny crown; tables with larger disc and simpler crown also present; presence of many C-shaped spicules; rosettes absent; tables in dorsal with have a large multiperforated disc, bearing a large spire; ventral papillae with long, smooth rods; ventral podia with denticulate rods and large multiperforated plates; tentacles with smooth and granular rods.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Probably harvested in some artisanal fisheries of the area. Collected by hand at low tide, or by divers. The processed product is of low commercial value. A reef species mostly found in shallow areas from near the surface to a depth of 15 m; generally occurs on reef flats and upper slopes. Populations reaching high densities on hard substrates, with a mean of around 0.04 per square meter. Shallow water populations are generally smaller in size than those found in deeper waters. Biology poorly known (Ref. 122). Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless

Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
| FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (25 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown