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Stomolophus meleagris   Agassiz, 1862

cannonball jellyfish

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Stomolophus meleagris   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Stomolophus meleagris (cannonball jellyfish)
Picture by O'Keefe, Jo

Classification
Scyphozoa | Rhizostomeae | Stomolophidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Migotto, A.E., A.C. Marques, A.C. Morandini and F.L. da Silveira. 2002. (Ref. 813)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 18.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 2992)

Environment
Pelagic; brackish; depth range 0 - 128 m (Ref. 101446)

Climate / Range
Tropical; 42°N - 30°S, 118°W - 34°W

Distribution
Western Atlantic and Eastern Pacific: Tropical to temperate.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Up to 18 cm wide, half egg shaped or almost globular; number of velar lappets variable, about 14 in each octant, grooves between them short, all alike; scapules large, extending to or beyond level of bell margin; the free, bifurcate ends of the mouth-arms flare outwards, the lateral branches long.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Feeds on bivalve veligers, gastropod veligers, copepod eggs, nauplii, copepodites and adults, and Oikopleura sp. (Ref. 106824). The fertilized egg develops into a tiny, motile planula larva. After swimming freely in the water for several days, the planula attaches to a suitable substrate and transforms into a sessile polyp or scyphistoma. Scyphistomae feed and grow, attaining a maximum size of a few mm. They reproduce asexually a number of ways, including the formation of podocysts and motile or non-motile buds, but only podocyst. The scyphistoma undergoes strobilation which results to ephyrae; developing itself into medusae (Ref. 7696).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses
Fisheries: of potential interest
| FisheriesWiki |

More information

Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown