Gastropoda | Neogastropoda
Leal, J.H. 2003. (Ref. 355)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 8.0 cm NG male/unsexed; (Ref. 83435); common length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 355)
Benthic; depth range 0 - 538 m (Ref. 83435)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 37°N - 4°N, 97°E - 51°E (Ref. 83435)
Southeast Pacific, Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean.
Shell solid, elongate. Shell sculpture of fine spiral lines with weak axial growth lines. Last whorls sometimes with nodules on shoulder. Colour: variable, light grey, yellowish, or tan, usually mottled or checkered with darker brown, greyish, or orange marks.
On all kinds of hard substrates, intertidal to subtidal. Diet: oyster and mussel beds (Ref. 355). Common on subtidal rocks (Ref. 438 and 417). The species displays poecilogonony as its reproductive strategy (Ref. 99837).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models