Ascidiacea | Pleurogona
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 80 m (Ref. 1733). Tropical; 54°N - 38°S, 180°W - 180°E
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 2.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2268)
Assumed to be generally less than 2 cm in length (Ref. 2268). A solitary ascidian (Refs. 1757, 1758) that is commonly found in mangrove areas and less commonly found in piers or pilings in harbor areas (Ref. 86424). Also found on coral reefs (Ref. 415); in a marine lake (Ref. 1661). Filter-feeder (Ref. 68823). Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)