Ascidiacea | Pleurogona
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 5 - 30 m (Ref. 116065). Tropical; 65°N - 10°S, 180°W - 180°E
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2268)
Assumed maximum total length from Ref. 2268. Tolerates brackish and polluted waters (Ref. 1134). Solitary and found in mangroves (Ref. 1757); on hard substrate (Ref. 116065); some are recorded on piers and pilings (Ref. 86424). Clumped on the sides and bottom of the floats (Ref. 2268). Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults.
Lambert, C.C. and G. Lambert. 1998. (Ref. 2268)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)