Demospongiae | Hadromerida
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; depth range 1 - ? m (Ref. 108813). Temperate
Western Central Atlantic and Central Pacific.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Encrusting to massive growth form, usually with large lobate or digitate projections. External color is usually red or red-orange, but may also be yellow, dark green, greenish purple, or turquoise, internal color is always yellow-ochre. Texture is dense, flexible and rubbery but easy to tear, somewhat similar to cheese. Surface is generally smooth some with occasional goose-bumps. Spicules are straight sharply pointed tylostyles with large variation in size of about 300 to 700 micrometer. Some smaller ones have irregularly shaped or lumpy heads. Ectosome consists of brushes of smaller tylostyles of about 300 micrometers in size.
Occurs in mangrove ponds (Ref. 86789). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
DeFelice, R.C., L.G. Eldredge and J.T. Carlton. 2001. (Ref. 3248)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models