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Suberites domuncula   (Olivi, 1792)

sea-orange

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Suberites domuncula   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification
Demospongiae | Hadromerida | Suberitidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Göthel, H. 1992. (Ref. 358)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 10.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 358)

Environment
Sessile

Climate / Range
Subtropical

Distribution
Mediterranean.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Sponge of more or less spherical form. Maximum diameter: 10 cm. Smooth surface; comprising only some small channels; often even one and single. Consistency charnue; not very elastic. Variable coloring; of orange to the marbled light blue.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum diameter: 10 cm (Ref. 358). Established on the shells inhabited by the bernards the hermit, and attends primarily the muddy funds and with sandy tendency, more rarely the mattes racinaires of the underwater herbaria. Biology: the species is fixed primarily on the shells inhabited by Paguristes eremita, the Bernard the hermit. The 2 partners being recipients of this association, one will speak about a true symbiosis. This spongiae escapes thus from its condition from sedentary invertebrate, and a mobility acquires which allows him inter alia diffusing its gamètes more widely sexual. Also benefiting from the food of the host, the sponge increases moreover the extent of its food resources. The sponge having covered entirely the shell with the Bernard the hermit, continues his growth by increasing space and by preserving the direction spiral of the shell, the pagure does not need progressively to seek its growth of new refuges. In addition, the spongiae secretes toxic and repulsive substances, which hold predatory shellfish remotely, which, in the final analysis, enjoys a higher protection and a flexible personal habitat (Ref. 358). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses

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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown