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References used for species in the Family Chalinidae
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[ n = 127 ] 
Arnaud, P.M., 1974 Contribution à la bionomie marine benthique des régions antarctiques et subantarctiques. Téthys 6(3):467-653.
Atkinson, E.G. and J.W. Wacasey, 1976 Caloric values of zoobenthos and phytobenthos from the Canadian Arctic. Department of the Environment, Fishieries and Marine Service, Technical Report 632:1-23.
Atlas of Living Australia, 2015 Haliclona turquoisia. [Accessed 6/9/2015].
Avila, E., N.I. Blancas-Gallangos, R. Riosmena-Rodríguez and L. Paul-Chávez, 2010 Sponges associated with Sargassum spp.(Phaeophyceae: Fucales) from the south-western Gulf of California. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 90(1):193-202.
Barnes, D.K.A. and J.J. Bell, 2002 Coastal sponge communities of the West Indian Ocean: taxonomic affinities, richness and diversity. African Journal of Ecology 40:337-349.
Barthel, D., 1995 Tissue composition of sponges from the Weddell Sea, Antarctica: Not much meat on the bones. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 123:149-153.
Bergquist, P.R., 1965 The sponges of Micronesia, Part I: The Palau Archipelago. Pacific Science 9:123-204.
Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, 2000 Marine Invertebrates of the Hawaiian Islands - Summary statistics for major taxa.
Bisby, F.A., M.A. Ruggiero, K.L. Wilson, M. Cachuela-Palacio, S.W. Kimani, Y.R. Roskov, A. Soulier-Perkins and J. van Hertum, 2005 Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2005 Annual Checklist. CD-ROM; Species 2000: Reading, U.K.
Bisby, F.A., Y.R. Roskov, M.A. Ruggiero, T.M. Orrell, L.E. Paglinawan, P.W. Brewer, N. Bailly and J. van Hertum (eds.), 2007 Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2007 Annual Checklist. CD-ROM; Species 2000: Reading, U.K.
Bisby, F.A., Y.R. Roskov, T.M. Orrell, D. Nicolson, L.E. Paglinawan, N. Bailly, P.M. Kirk, T. Bourgoin and G. Baillargeon, 2010 Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2010 Annual Checklist. Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
Bisby, F.A., Y.R. Roskov, T.M. Orrell, D. Nicolson, L.E. Paglinawan, N. Bailly, P.M. Kirk, T. Bourgoin and G. Baillargeon (eds.), 2009 Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2009 Annual Checklist. CD-ROM; Species 2000: Reading, UK.
Bisby, F.A., Y.R. Roskov, T.M. Orrell, D. Nicolson, L.E. Paglinawan, N. Bailly, P.M. Kirk, T. Bourgoin and J. van Hertum (eds.), 2008 Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2008 Annual Checklist. CD-ROM; Species 2000: Reading, U.K.
Britayev, T.A. and D.S. (eds) Pavlov, 2007 Benthic fauna of the bay of Nhatrang southern Vietnam. Joint Vietnamese-Russian Tropical Research and Technological Centre, A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution RAS, Moscow.
Bronsted, H.V., 1934 Sponges. Memoires de l'Institute Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 2(15):3-26.
Brunt, M.A. and J.E. Davies, 2012 The Cayman Islands: natural history and biogeography. Springer Science and Business Media, 604 pp.
Burton, M., 1928 Report on some deep-sea sponges from the Indian Museum collected by the R.I.M.S. "Investigator". Part II. Tetraxonida (concluded) and Euceratosa. Rec. Indian Mus., Calcutta 30(1):109-138, pls 1-2.
Caberoy, R.A., 1981 The survey of class Demospongiae in Tayabas Bay. Zoological Papers, National Museum of the Philippines.
Caberoy, R.A., 1997 A study of marine sponge fauna in the Ilocos Region. Unpublished Thesis, University of Santo Tomas. 352 pp.
Calado, R., 2006 Marine ornamental species from European waters: a valuable overlooked resource or a future threat for the conservation of marine ecosystems?. Scientia Marina 70(3): 389-398.
Calcinai, B., A. Bastari, G. Bavestrello, M. Bertolino, S.B. Horcajadas, M. Pansini, D.M. Makapedua and C. Cerrano, 2017 Demosponge diversity from North Sulawesi, with the description of six new species. ZooKeys 680:105-150.
Campos, M., B. Mothes, C. Lerner, J.L. Carraro and I.L. Veithenheimer-Mendes, 2007 Sponges (Porifera, Demospongiae) from Bransfield strait, off Joinville Island, collected by Brazilian Antarctic Program - PROANTAR. Porifera Research: Biodiversity, Innovation and Sustainability, pp. 219-232.
Carter, H.J., 1887 Report on the Marine Sponges, chiefly from King Island, in the Mergui Archipelago, collected for the Trustees of the Indian Museum, Calcutta, by Dr. John Anderson, F.R.S., Superintendent of the Museum. J. Linn. Soc. London. Zoology 21:61-84, pls.5-7.
Castro, P. and M.E. Huber, 2005 Marine biology. 452 p. ; col. ill. Boston, McGraw-Hill.
Chiriboga, A., D. Ruiz and S. Banks, 2014 CDF Checklist of Galapagos sponges - FCD Lista de especies de Esponjas Galápagos. In Bungartz, F.; Herrera, H.; Jaramillo, P.; Tirado, N.; Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G.; Ruiz, D.; Guézou, A.; Ziemmeck, F. (eds). Charles Darwin Foundation Galapagos Species Checklist - Lista de Especies de Galápagos de la Fundación Charles Darwin. Charles Darwin Foundation / Fundación Charles Darwin, Puerto Ayora, Galapagos.
Coles, S.L., R.C. DeFelice, L.G. Eldredge and J.T. Carlton, 1999 Historical and recent introductions of non-indigenous marine species into Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaiian Islands. Mar. Biol. 135:147-158.
Colin, P.L. and C. Arneson, 1995 Tropical Pacific invertebrates: A field guide to the marine invertebrates occurring on tropical Pacific coral reefs, seagrass beds and mangroves. The Coral Reef Research Foundation. Coral Reef Press. 304 pp.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés, 2005 Photographic identification guide to some common marine invertebrates of Bocas Del Toro, Panama. Caribbean Journal of Science. 41(3):638-707.
Colquhoun, J. and A. (eds) Heyward, 2008 Ningaloo reef marine park deepwater benthic biodiversity survey. Western Australian Museum Science Institution (WAMSI) Node 3 Project I Subproject 3.1.1. Report Deepwater Communities at Ningaloo Marine Park, 209p.
Danis, B., 2050 A field guide to Antarctic sponges. Antarctic Field Guide. SCAR-MarBIN and ANTABIF.
Dawydoff, C., 1952 Inventaire des animaux benthiques récoltés par moi dans le domaine maritime indochinois. Porifères. In Contribution à l'étude des invertébrés de la faune marine benthique de l'Indochine. Supplément au Bulletin Biologique de France et de Belgique 37:46-51.
Dayton, P.K., G.A. Robilliard, R.T. Paine and L.B. Dayton, 1974 Biological accommodation in the benthic community at McMurdo Sound, Antarctic. Ecological Monographs 44:105-128.
de Labenfels, M.W., 1953 Sponges of the Alaskan Arctic. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 121(6):1-22.
De Laubenfels, M., 1957 New species and records of Hawaiian sponges. Pacific Science 11:236-251.
de Laubenfels, M.W., 1951 The sponges of the island of Hawaii. Pacific Science 5(3): 256-271.
De Laubenfels, M.W., 1950 The sponges of Kaneohe Bay, Oahu. Pacifc Science 4:256-271.
de Weerdt, W.H., K. Rützler and K.P. Smith, 1991 The Chalinidae (Porifera) of Twin Cays, Belize, and adjacent waters. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 104(1):189-205.
DeFelice, R.C., L.G. Eldredge and J.T. Carlton, 2001 Nonindigenous marine invertebrates. p. B-i-B-60. In Eldredge, G.L. and C.M. Smith. A Guidebook of Marine Species in Hawaii. Bishop Museum Technical Report 21.
Desqueyroux-Faúndez, R., 1990 Spongiaires (Demospongiae) de I'Lle de Pâques (Isla de Pascua). Sponges (Demospongiae) from Easter Island (Isla de Pascua) (South Pacific Ocean). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 97(2):373-410.
Desqueyroux-Faúndez, R., 1981 Révision de la collection d’éponges d’Amboine (Moluques, Indonésie) constituée par Bedot and Pictet et conserve au Muséum d’histoire naturelle de Genéve. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 88(3):723-764.
Diaz, M.C. and K. Ruetzler, 2009 Biodiversity and abundance of sponges in Caribbean mangrove: Indicators of environmental quality. pp. 151-172, In Lang, M.A.; Macintyre, I.G.; Ruetzler, K. (eds). 2009. Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences 38:529 pp. + 217 figures + 47 tables.
Dinn, C., 2018 Sponge fauna of the eastern Canadian Arctic and Subarctic. MSc in Systematics and Evolution, University of Alberta, 218p.
Dinn, C., 2020 A new species of Haliclona (Flagellia) Van Soest, 2017 (Porifera, Demospongiae, Heteroscleromorpha) from the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada. Zootaxa 4778 (2):391-395.
Dinn, C. and S.P. Leys, 2018 Field Guide to sponges of the Eastern Canadian Arctic.A field and laboratory identification guide. ArcticNet, University of Alberta [Accessed 16/03/2021].
Dragnewitsch, P., 1905 Spongien von Singapore. Inaugural Dissertation:Bern Pp 1-36.
Florida Museum of Natural History, 2014 Haliclona cymaeformis (Esper, 1794). Dataset: Invertebrate Zoology, Accessed via on 2015-07-15.
Fromont, J.P., 1993 Descriptions of species of the Haplosclerida (Porifera: Demospongiae) occurring in tropical waters of the Great Barrier Reef. The Beagle, Records of the Northern Terr. Museum of Arts and Sciences 10(1):7-40.
Garilao, N., 2014 Baltic Sea species list. Personal communication, 25 April 2014. Provided excel file.
GBIF, 2015 Chalinula velinea (de Laubenfels, 1954). [Accessed 6/9/2015].
GBIF, 2015 Haliclona fascigera (Hentschel, 1912). [Accessed 6/9/2015].
George, D., 2005 Marine invertebrates. pp. 197-220 In Hellyer, P.; Aspinall, S. (eds) The Emirates: a natural history. Trident Press: Chicago.
Gischler, E. and R.N. Ginsburg, 1996 Cavity dwellers (coelobites) under coral rubble in southern Belize barrier and atoll reefs. Bull. Mar. Sci. 58(2):570-589.
Gotshall, D.W., 2005 Guide to marine invertebrates: Alaska to Baja California, 2nd ed. (revised). Sea Challengers. 117 p.
Grebmeier, J.M., L.W. Cooper, H.M. Feder and B.I. Sirenko, 2006 Ecosystem dynamics of the Pacific-influenced Northern Bering and Chukchi Seas in the Amerasian Arctic. Progress in Oceanography 71:331-361.
Harms, J., 1993 Check list of species (algae, invertebrates and vertebrates) found in the vicinity of the island of Helgoland (North Sea, German Bight) - a review of recent records. Helgoländer Meeresunters 47:1-34.
Harvey-Clark, C., 1997 Eastern tidepool and reef: north-central Atlantic marinelife guide. Hancock House Publishers, 64pp.
Hendler, G. and I.-H. Kim, 2010 Larval biology of thaumatopsyllid copepods endoparasitic in Caribbean ophiuroids. Journal of Crustacean Biology 30(2):206-224.
Hentschel, E., 1912 Kiesel- und Hornschwämme der Aru und Kei-Inseln. Abhandlungen Senckenbergiana naturforschende Gessellschaft 1912:295-448.
Hong, S.Y., K.Y. Park, C.W. Park, C.H. Han, H.L. Suh, S.G. Yun, C.B. Song, S.G. Jo, H.S. Lim, Y.S. Kang, D.J. Kim, C.W. Ma, M.H. Son, H.K. Cha, K.B. Kim, S.D. Choi, K.Y. Park, C.W. Oh, D.N. Kim, H.S. Shon, J.N. Kim et al., 2006 Marine invertebrates in Korean coasts. Republic of Korea, Academy Publishing Company, Inc. 479 p.
Hooper, J. and M. Schlacher-Hoenlinger, 2006 Porifera of New Caledonia. Remarks on the check list of shallow water species. In Payri, C., Richer de Forges (eds), B., Colin, F. (préf.). Compendium of marine species from New Caledonia. Nouméa : IRD, 2006, p. 111-115.
Hooper, J.N.A. and R.W.M. Van Soest, 2002 Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, USA. 1706 p.
Hooper, J.N.A., J.A. Kennedy and R.W.M. van Soest, 2000 Annotated checklist of sponges (Porifera) of the South China Sea region. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 8:125-207.
Hull, S., 1995 The underwater biology of Filey Brigg: preliminary report 1995. [accessed 02/12/07]
Inchausti, P. and H. Weimerskirch, 2002 Dispersal and metapopulation dynamics of an oceanic seabird, the wandering albatross, and its consequences for its response to long-line fisheries. Journal of Animal Ecology 71:765-770.
Jennings, S., J. Lancaster, A. Woolmer and J. Cotter, 1999 Distribution, diversity and abundance of epibenthic fauna in the North Sea. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK 79:385-399.
Johnson, S. and J. Johnson, 2021 Kwajalein underwater. [Accessed 17/04/2021].
Kelly, M. and A.A. Rowden, 2019 New sponge species from hydrothermal vent and cold seep sites off New Zealand. Zootaxa 4576(3):401-438.
Kelly, M., L.J. Bell and B. Herr, 2016 Splendid sponges of Palau. [Accessed 11/05/2021].
Kelly-Borges, M. and P.R. Bergquist, 1988 Sponges from Motupore Island, Papua New Guinea. Indo-Malayan Zool. 5:121-159.
Kieschnick, O., 1896 Silicispongiae von Ternate nach den Sammlungen von Herrn Prof. Dr. W. Kükenthal. Zoologischer Anzeiger 19:526-534.
Kirk, H.B., 1911 Sponges collected at the Kermadec Islands by Mr. W.R.B. Oliver. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 43: 574-581, pl. XXVII.
Laboute, P. and Y. Magnier, 1979 Underwater guide to New Caledonia. Les Editions du Pacifique, 161p.
Laboute, P., G. Bargibant and J.J. Menou, 1998 Sponges of the New Caledonia Lagoon. Institut Francais de Recherche Scientifique pour le Development en Cooperation, Paris. 181 pp.
Lévi, C., 1961 Éponges intercotidales de Nha Trang (Vietnam). Archives de Zoologie expérimentale et générale 100:127-148.
Lévi, C., 1961 Spongiaires des Îles Philippines, principalement récoltées au voisinage de Zamboanga. Philippines J. Sci 56(3):327-337.
Lindgren, N.G., 1898 Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Spongienfauna des Malayischen Archipels und der chinesischen Meere. Zoologischer Jahrbucher Jena 11:283-378, pls. 17-20.
Lippert, H. and K. Iken, 2003 Palatability and nutritional quality of marine invertebrates in a sub-Arctic fjord. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the U.K. 83:1215-1219.
Longakit, M.B.A., F.B. Sotti and M. Kelly, 2005 The shallow water marine sponges (Porifera) of Cebu, Philippines. Science Diliman 17(2):52-74.
Macintyre, I.G., I. Goodbody, K. Ruetzler, D.S. Littler and M.M. Littler, 2000 A general biological and geological survey of the rims of ponds in the major mangrove islands of the Pelican Cays, Belize. Atoll Research Bulletin 467:13-44.
Marine Species Identification Portal, 2021 Haliclona oculata. [Accessed 9/16/2021]., 2050
McClintock, J.B., 1987 Investigation of the relationship between invertebrate predation and biochemical composition, energy content, spicule armament and toxicity of benthic sponges at McMurdo Sound, Antarctica.. Marine Biology 94:479-487.
Messing, Charles., 2010 Interactive sponge guide of Florida. Available online at Accessed 9 November 2010.
Murray, J., 1896 On the deep and shallow-water marine fauna of the Kerguelen region of the Great Southern Ocean. Challenger Expedition 343-500 p.
National General Status Working Group, 2017 Standardized common names for wild species in Canada. [Accessed 07/11/2019].
O'Connor, M., C. Hawkins and D. K. Loomis, 2008 A manual of previously recorded non-indigenous invasive and native transplanted animal species of the Laurentian Great Lakes and coastal United States. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 77, 82 pp.
Pansini, M. and M. Sarà, 1999 Taxonomical and biogeographical notes on the sponges of the Straits of Magellan. Scientia Marina 63(Suppl 1):203-208.
Pattanayak, J., 1997 Taxonomy of sponges of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. PhD thesis, Department of Zoology, University of Calcutta: India. 312 pp.
Picton, B.E., C.C. Morrow and R.W.B. van Soest, 2011 Haliclona cinerea (Grant, 1826). [Accessed 02/06/2021].
Pollock, L.W., 1998 A Practical Guide to the Marine Animals of the Northeastern North America. Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick, New Jersey.
Preciado, I. and M. Maldonado, 2005 Reassessing the spatial relationship between sponges and macroalgae in sublittoral rocky bottoms: a descriptive approach. Helgoland Marine Research 59:141-150.
Proud, A.J., 1977 An ecological survey of the D'Aguilar Peninsula, Hong Kong, with recommendations for its future management. Hong Kong: Pok Fu Lam, University of Hong Kong, MSc Thesis, 543 p.
Pulitzer-Finali, G., 1980 Some shallow-water sponges from Hong Kong. In Morton, B.S. & C. K. Tseng (eds). Proceedings of the First International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Fauna of Hong Kong and Southern China. Pp 97-110. Hong Kong University Press: Hong Kong.
Riisgard, H.U., S. Thomassen, H. Jakobsen, J.M. Weeks and P.S. Larsen, 1993 Suspension feeding in marine sponges Halichondria panicea and Haliclona urceolus effects of temperature on filtration rate and energy cost of pumping. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 96:177-188.
Ruppert, E.E., R.S. Fox and R.D. Barnes, 2004 Invertebrate Zoology. A functional evolutionary approach. 7th Ed. Brooks/Cole, Thomson Learning learning, Inc. 990 p.
Rützler, K., M.C. Diaz, R.W.M. van Soest, S. Zea, K.P. Smith, B. Alvarez and J. Wulff, 2000 Diversity of sponge fauna in mangrove ponds, Pelican Cays, Belize. Atoll Research Bulletin No. 476, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., USA.
Rützler, K., R.W.M. van Soest and C. Piantoni, 2009 Sponges (Porifera) of the Gulf of Mexico. pp. 285-313 In Felder, D.L.; Camp, D.K. (eds.) Gulf of Mexico - Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas.
Sarà, M., A. Balduzzi, M. Barbieri, G. Bavestrello and B. Burlando, 1992 Biogeographic traits and checklist of Antarctic demosponges. Polar Biol. 12:559-585.
Sept, J.D., 2008 Common seashore creatures of the Pacific Northwest. Canada, Calypso Publishing, 95p.
Sirenko, B., S. Denisenko, H. Deubel and E. Rachor, 2004 Deep water communities of the Laptev Sea and adjacent parts of the Arctic Ocean. Russian Academy of Sciences, Zoological Institute Exploration of the Fauna of the Seas 54(62):28-73.
Smithsonian Insitution, 2015 Haliclona koremella de Laubenfels, 1954. [Accessed 6/9/2015].
Smithsonian Insitution, 2015 Haliclona koremella de Laubenfels, 1954. [Accessed 6/9/2015].
Smithsonian Institution, 2016 Haliclona loosanoffi Hartman. [Accessed 08/19/2016].
Smithsonian Institution, 2016 Chalinula molitba (de Laubenfels, 1949). [Accessed 23/11/2016].
Smithsonian Institution, 2016 Haliclona albifragilis (Hechtel). [Accessed 24/11/2016].
Smithsonian Institution, 2016 Haliclona fistulosa (Bowerbank). [Accessed 23/11/2016].
Smithsonian Institution, 2016 Haliclona implexiformis (Hechtel). [Accessed 23/11/2016].
Smithsonian Institution, 2016 Haliclona magnifica de Weerdt et al., 1991. [Accessed 23/11/2016].
Smithsonian Institution, 2016 Haliclona mollis (Duchassaing and Michelotti). [Accessed 24/11/2016].
Smithsonian Institution, 2016 Haliclona mucifibrosa de Weerdt et al., 1991. [Accessed 23/11/2016].
Smithsonian Institution, 2016 Haliclona tubifera (George and Wilson). [Accessed 08/19/2016].
Smithsonian Institution, 2016 Haliclona twincayensis de Weerdt et al., 1991. [Accessed 23/11/2016].
Smithsonian Institution, 2016 Rhaphisia menzeli Little, 1963. [Accessed 23/11/2016].
Sollas, I.B.J., 1902 On the Sponges collected during the "Skeat Expedition" to the Malay Peninsula. 1899-1900. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 2(1):210-221. pls. 14-15.
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Tunnell, J.W. Jr. and S.A. Alvarado, 1996 Checklist of species within Corpus Christi Bay National Estuary program study area: references, habitats, distribution and abundance. Current Status and Historical Trends of Estuarine Living Resources of the Corpus Christi Bay National Estuary Program Study Area. Volume 4. Corpus Christi Bay National Estuary Program CCBNEP-06D January 1996.
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Vacelet, J. and F. Arnaud, 1972 Inverébrés Marins des XIIéme et XVéme Expéditions Antarctiques Francaises en Terre Adélie. 2. Démosponges. Tethys Supplement 4:9-24.
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van Soest, R.W.M., 1980 A small collection of sponges (Porifera) from Hong Kong. In Morton, B.S. & Tseng, C.K. (eds). Proceedings of the First International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Fauna of Hong Kong and Southern China. Pp 85-95. Hong Kong University Press: Hong Kong.
van Soest, R.W.M., 1989 The Indonesian sponge fauna: a status report. Netherlands J. Sea Reas. 23(2):223-230.
van Soest, R.W.M., 2016 Sponge-collecting from a drifting ice floe: the Porifera obtained in the Kara Sea by the Dutch Polar Expedition 1882-83. Contributions to Zoology 85(3):311-336.
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Wacasey, J.W. and E.G. Atkinson, 1987 Energy values of marine benthic invertebrates from the Canadian Arctic. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 39:243-250.
Wilson, H.V., 1925 Silicious and horny sponges collected by the US Fisheries Steamer "Albatross" during the Philippines Expedition, 1907-10. In Contributions to the Biology of the Philippines Archipelago and Adjacent Regions. Bulletin of United States National Museum 100(2.4):273-532.
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