References Used for Crassostrea gigas
n = 75
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Reference no. Description year Name used Page
84861 Yoo, S.K., M.-S. Yoo and J.-N. Bark 1972 Biological studies on oyster culture (I): Growth of the Crassostrea gigas. Bull. Pusan Fish. Coll. 12(12):63-76. 1972 Crassostrea gigas 63-76
90388 Heral, M. and J.M. Deslous-Paoli 1983 Energetic value of the tissue of the oyster Crassostrea gigas estimated by microcalorimetric measures and by biochemical evaluation. Oceanologica Acta 6:193-199. 1983 Crassostrea gigas -->
90348 Gibson, R.A., R. Kneebone and G.M. Kneebone 1984 Comparative levels of arachidonic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid in Malaysian fish. Comperative Biochemistry and Physiology 78(2):325-328. 1984 Crassostrea gigas -->
821 Springsteen, F.J. and F.M. Leobrera 1986 Shells of the Philippines. Carfel Seashell Museum. Metro Manila, Philippines. 377 p. 1986 Crassostrea gigas 317
74416 Poutiers, J.M. 1987 Bivalves (Acephales, Lamellibranches, Pelecypodes). pp. 370-389. In W. Fischer, M. Schneider, M.-L. Bauchot (eds.) Fiches FAO d'identification des espèces pour les besoins de la pêche. (Révision 1). Méditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37. Volume I. Végétaux et Invertébrés. Publication préparée par la FAO, résultat d'un accord entre la FAO et la Commission des Communautés Européenes (Project GCP/INT/442/EEC) financée conjointment par ces deux organisations. Rome, FAO, Vol. 1. 1987 Crassostrea gigas 450
90648 Whyte, J.N.C., N. Bourne and C. Hodgson 1987 Assessment of biochemical composition and energy reserves in larvae of the scallop Patinopecten yessoensis. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 113:113-124. 1987 Crassostrea gigas -->
90545 Deslous-Paoli, J-M. and M. Heral 1988 Biochemical composition and energy value of Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg) cultured in the bay of Marennes-Oleron. Aquatic Living Ressources 1:239:249. 1988 Crassostrea gigas -->
89774 Ramírez-Filippini, D.J., J. Chávez-Villalba and C. Cáceres-Martinez 1990 Cultivo de ostión en costales sobre estantes en la zona intermareal en la Bahía de La Paz, B.C.S.: Estudio comparativo de crecimiento y resistencia, con el cultivo en suspensión. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Autónoma de México. p152-161. 1990 Crassostrea gigas 152-161
94090 Bernard, F.R. and D.J. Noakes 1990 Pumping rates, water pressures, and oxygen use in eight species of marine bivalve molluscs from British Columbia. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 47:1302-1306. 1990 Crassostrea gigas 1302
7693 Vakily, J.M. 1992 Determination and comparison of bivalve growth, with emphasis on Thailand and other tropical areas. ICLARM Technical Report 36:1-125. 1992 Crassostrea gigas 122
75831 Bernard, F.R., Y.Y. Cai and B. Morton 1993 Catalogue of the living marine bivalve molluscs of China. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. 121 p. 1993 Crassostrea gigas -->
7794 Minchin, D. 1996 Management of the introduction and transfer of marine molluscs. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 6:229-244. 1996 Crassostrea gigas 232
114735 MacKenzie, C.L., Jr., V.G., Burrell Jr., A. Rosenfield and W.L. Hobart 1997 The history, present condition, and future of the molluscan fisheries of North and Central America and Europe, Volume 2, Pacific coast and supplemental topics. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS 128, 217 p. 1997 Crassostrea gigas 210
81338 Zhang, B., D. Sun, H. Bi, Y. Wu and B. Huang 1997 Growth and seasonal distribution of Sepiella maindroni in the Jiaozhou Bay and adjacent waters. Marine Sciences 5:61-64. 1997 Crassostrea gigas -->
95344 Harbo, R.M. 1997 Shells and shellfish of the Pacific Northwest, a field guide. Harbour Publishing, Canada, 270p. 1997 Crassostrea gigas 20
348 Poutiers, J.M. 1998 Bivalves. Acephala, Lamellibranchia, Pelecypoda. p. 123-362. In Carpenter, K. E. and V. H. Niem. 1998. FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 1. Seaweeds, corals, bivalves, and gastropods. Rome, FAO. 1998 Crassostrea gigas 233
1667 Turgeon, D.D., J.F. Quinn Jr., A.E. Bogan, E.V. Coan, F.G. Hochberg, W.G. Lyons, P.M. Mikkelsen, R.J. Neves, C.F.E. Roper, G. Rosenberg, B. Roth, A. Scheltema, F.G. Thompson, M. Vecchione and J.D. Willams 1998 Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society (Special publication 26), Bethesda, Maryland. 526 p. 1998 Crassostrea gigas 31
72381 Paul, L. 2000 New Zealand fishes. Identification, natural history and fisheries. Reed Books, Auckland. 2000 Crassostrea gigas 165
76803 Department of Fisheries, Western Australia 2000 Introduced Marine Aquatic Invaders- a field guide. 2000 Crassostrea gigas -->
81321 Lou, B. 2000 The study on growth characteristics of Crassostrea gigas. Journal of Zhejiang Ocean University (natural science) 19(3):303-306. 2000 Crassostrea gigas -->
83434 Lee, M. (ed.) 2000 Seafood Lover's Almanac: National Audubon Society. Quebec, Quebecor Printing Inc., 120 p. 2000 Crassostrea gigas 75-76
107843 Ohgaki, S. 2001 Distribution of intertidal macrobenthos around Hatakejima Island, 1993. Argonauta 5:32-47(2001). 2001 Crassostrea gigas 6
108725 Gibson, R., B. Hextall and A. Rogers 2001 Photographic Guide to the Sea and Shore Life of Britain and Northwest Europe. Oxford University Press Inc., New York. 2001 Crassostrea gigas 274
100853 Cognie, B., L. Barillé and Y. Rincé 2001 Selective feeding of the oyster Crassostrea gigas fed on a natural microphytobenthos assemblage. Estuaries 24(1):126-134. 2001 Crassostrea gigas -->
94854 Schoch, G.C. and M. Dethier 2001 The intertidal biota of Puget Sound gravel beaches. Report for the Washington State Department of Natural Resources Nearshore Habitat Program, 48p. 2001 Crassostrea gigas 35
94252 Boyd, M. J., T. J. Mulligan and F. J. Shaughnessy 2002 Non-indigenous marine species of Humboldt Bay, California. A Report to the California Department of Fish and Game, California. 40-41p. 2002 Crassostrea gigas 40-41
75840 Valentich-Scott, P. 2003 A taxonomic, distributional and bibliographic checklist on Hong Kong marine bivalve molluscs and reserach published on them from 1971-2000. In Perspective on marine environmental change in Hong Kong and Southern China, 1977-2001. B. Morton (Ed.). Proceedings of an international workshop reunion conference, Hong Kong 21-26 Oct 2001. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. Pp. 259-310 2003 Crassostrea gigas 272
1314 Hill, M., R. Baker, G. Broad, P.J. Chandler, G.H. Coop, J. Ellis, D. Jones, C. Hoyland, I. Laing, M. Longshaw, N. Moore, D. Parrott, D. Pearman, C. Preston, R.M. Smith and R. Waters 2005 Audit of Non-native Species in England. English Nature Research Reports Number 662. 82 p. 2005 Crassostrea gigas -->
2684 Zenetos, A., E. Vardala-Theodorou and C. Alexandrakis 2005 Update of the marine Bivalvia Mollusca checklist in Greek Waters. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 85:993-998. 2005 Crassostrea gigas 995
19 Bisby, F.A., M.A. Ruggiero, K.L. Wilson, M. Cachuela-Palacio, S.W. Kimani, Y.R. Roskov, A. Soulier-Perkins and J. van Hertum 2005 Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2005 Annual Checklist. CD-ROM; Species 2000: Reading, U.K. 2005 Crassostrea gigas -->
69831 Ruesink, J.L., H.S. Lenihan, A.C. Trimble, K.W. Heiman, F. Micheli, J.E. Byers and M.C. Kay 2005 Introduction of non-native oysters: Ecosystem Effects and Restoration Implications. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. 2005. 36:643-689. 2005 Crassostrea gigas 650
94248 Robinson, T. B., C. L. Griffiths, A. Tonin, P. Bloomer and M. P. Hare 2005 Naturalized populations of oysters, Crassostrea gigas along the South African coast: distribution, abundance and population structure. Journal of Shellfish Research 24(2): 443-450. 2005. 2005 Crassostrea gigas -->
3700 Gollasch, S. and S. Nehring 2006 National checklist for aquatic alien species in Germany. Aquatic Invasions 1(4):245-269. 2006 Crassostrea gigas -->
74657 Bartley, D.M. (comp./ed.) 2006 Introduced species in fisheries and aquaculture: information for responsible use and control (CD-ROM). Rome, FAO. 2006 Crassostrea gigas -->
77127 Meadows, D.W. and A. Kane 2006 Hawaii's Aquatic Organisms. Hawaii Division of Aquatic Resources and the Pacific Cooperatives Studies Unit [ accessed 09/07/08]. 2006 Crassostrea gigas -->
83447 Hong, S.Y., K.Y. Park, C.W. Park, C.H. Han, H.L. Suh, S.G. Yun, C.B. Song, S.G. Jo, H.S. Lim, Y.S. Kang, D.J. Kim, C.W. Ma, M.H. Son, H.K. Cha, K.B. Kim, S.D. Choi, K.Y. Park, C.W. Oh, D.N. Kim, H.S. Shon, J.N. Kim et al. 2006 Marine invertebrates in Korean coasts. Republic of Korea, Academy Publishing Company, Inc. 479 p. 2006 Crassostrea gigas 245
84922 Harding, J.M. and R. Mann 2006 Age and growth of wild suminoe (Crassostrea ariakensis, Fugita 1913) and Pacific (C. gigas, Thunberg 1793) oysters from Laizhou Bay, China. Journal of Shellfish Research 25(1):73-82. 2006 Crassostrea gigas 73-82
101091 Streftaris, N. and A. Zenetos 2006 Alien marine species in the Mediterranean - the 100 ‘worst invasives’ and their impact. Mediterranean Marine Science 7:87-118. 2006 Crassostrea gigas -->
94257 Oliveira, A. C. M., B. Himelbloom, C. A. Crapo, C. Vorholt, Q. Fong and R. RaLonde 2006 Quality of Alaskan Maricultured Oysters (Crassostrea gigas): a one-year survey. Journal of Food Science 71(9):C532-C543. 2006 Crassostrea gigas C532-C533
106529 López, D.A., B.A. López and S.E. Arriagada 2006 Strategies for aquaculture diversification in Chile by endemic marine invertebrates. World Aquaculture-Baton Rouge 37(2): 39. 2006 Crassostrea gigas 4
96498 Le Pape, O., L. Baulier, A. Cloarec, J. Martin, F. Le Loc'h and Y. Désaunay 2007 Habitat suitability for juvenile common sole (Solea solea, L.) in the Bay of Biscay (France): a quantitative description using indicators based on epibenthic fauna. Journal of Sea Research 57:126-136. 2007 Crassostrea gigas 129
78075 FAO 2007 Seafood in Europe. FAO Seafood in Europe CD's 4. 2007 Crassostrea gigas -->
77129 FAO-FIES 2007 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 03/07/2008]. 2007 Crassostrea gigas -->
113874 Papaconstantinou, C., A. Zenetos, V. Vassilopoulou and G. Tserpes 2007 State of Hellenic Fisheries. Hellenic Centre for Marine Research P.O. Box 712, 190 13, Anavissos, Attiki, Hellas. 2007 Crassostrea gigas -->
74339 Minchin, D. 2007 A checklist of alien and cryptogenic aquatic species in Ireland. Aquatic Invasions 2(4):341-366. 2007 Crassostrea gigas 360
96217 Wang, J., K. Chrisoffersen, S. Buck and Y. Tao 2007 The Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) in the Isefjord, Denmark. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Environmental, Social and Spacial Change, Roskilde University, Roskilde, 49 p. 2007 Crassostrea gigas -->
96218 Cardoso, J.F.M.F., D. Langlet, J.F. Loff, A.R. Martins, J.IJ. Witte, P.T. Santos and H.W. van der Veer 2007 Spatial variability in growth and reproduction of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg, 1793) along the west European coast. Journal of Sea Research 57:303-315. 2007 Crassostrea gigas -->
94194 Sept, J.D. 2008 Common seashore creatures of the Pacific Northwest. Canada, Calypso Publishing, 95p. 2008 Crassostrea gigas 49
105233 Lovatelli, A., A. Farías and I. Uriarte 2008 Estado actual del cultivo y manejo de moluscos bivaldos y su proyección futura. Taller Regional sobre el Estado Actual del Cultivo y Manejo de Moluscos Bivalvos y Su Proyección Futura: Factores que Afectan Su Sustentabilidad en América Latina (2007: Puerto Montt, Chile). FAO, 2008. 2008 Crassostrea gigas 206
89734 Chávez-Villalba, J., A. Hernández-Ibarra, M.R. López-Tapia and J.M. Mazón-Suástegui 2008 Prospective culture of the Cortez oyster Crassostrea corteziensis from northwestern Mexico: growth, gametogenic activity, and condition index. Journal of Shellfish Research 27(4):711-720. 2008 Crassostrea gigas 718
106081 Finlex Data Bank 2008 Maa- ja metsätalousministeriön asetus kalastus- ja vesiviljelytuotteiden sallituista kauppanimistä. [Accessed 01/06/2016]. 2008 Crassostrea gigas -->
114042 O'Connor, M., C. Hawkins and D. K. Loomis 2008 A manual of previously recorded non-indigenous invasive and native transplanted animal species of the Laurentian Great Lakes and coastal United States. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 77, 82 pp. 2008 Crassostrea gigas 37
86665 Camara, M. D., J.P. Davis, M. Sekino, D. Hedgecock, G. Li, C.J. Langdon and S. Evans 2008 The Kumamoto oyster Crassostrea sikamea is neither rare nor threatened by hybridization in the Northern Ariake sea, Japan. Journal of Shellfish Research 27(2):313-322. 2008 Crassostrea gigas -->
94264 Miossec, L., R. M. Le Deuff and P. Goulletquer 2009 Alien species alert: Crassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster). ICES Cooperative Research Report No. 299. 42 p., International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, Copenhagen, Denmark. 2009 Crassostrea gigas 11-12
83435 Rosenberg, G. 2009 Malacolog 4.1.1: A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca. [WWW database (version 4.1.1)] URL 2009 Crassostrea gigas -->
121610 Kasim, M. and H. Mukai 2009 Food sources of the oyster (Crassostrea gigas) and the clam (Ruditapes philippinarum) in the Akkeshi-ko estuary. Plankton Benthos Res. 4(3): 104-114. 2009 Crassostrea gigas 106-107
94242 Melo, C. M. R., F. C. Silva, C. H. A. M. Gomes, A. M. Solé-Cava and C. Lazoski 2010 Crassostrea gigas in natural oyster banks in southern Brazil. Biological Invasions (2010) 12: 441-449. 2010 Crassostrea gigas 442
94250 Troost, Karin. 2010 Causes and effects of a highly successful marine invasion: case study of the introduced Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas in continental NW European estuaries. Journal of Sea Research 64 (2010): 145-165. 2010 Crassostrea gigas 148
94261 Osuna-Martínez, C. C., F. Páez-Osuna and R. Alonso-Rodríguez 2010 Mercury in cultured oysters (Crassostrea gigas Thunberg, 1793 and C. corteziensis Hertlein, 1951) from four coastal lagoons of the SE Gulf of California, Mexico. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology (2010) 85:339-343. 2010 Crassostrea gigas 339-340
85339 Templado, J. and R. Villanueva 2010 Checklist of Phylum Mollusca. pp. 148-198 In Coll, M., et al., 2010. The biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: estimates, patterns, and threats. PLoS ONE 5(8):36pp. 2010 Crassostrea gigas 187
89583 Ministry of Fisheries 2011 MFish approved species codes - Table 1-4. 2011 Crassostrea gigas -->
93817 Lamb, A., D. Gibbs and C. Gibbs 2011 Strait of Georgia biodiversity in relation to bull kelp abundance. Pacific Fisheries Resource Conservation Council, 111p. 2011 Crassostrea gigas 97
90098 Servicio Nacional de Pesca y Acuicultura. 2011 Nomina de Especies. [Accessed 28 May 2012]. 2011 Crassostrea gigas -->
94266 Strand, A., E. Blanda, T. Bodvin, J. K. Davids, L. F. Jensen, T. H. Holm-Hansen, A. Jelmert, S. Lindegarth, S. Mortensen, F. E. Moy, P. Nielsen, P. Norling, C. Nyberg, H. T. Christensen, B. Vismann, M. W. Holm, B. W. Hansen and P. Dolmer 2012 Impact of an icy winter on the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas Thunberg, 1793) populations in Scandinavia. Aquatic Invasions 7(3):433-440. 2012 Crassostrea gigas -->
106096 Fødevarestyrelsen. 2012 Handelsnavne fisk version 2012. [Accessed 01/06/2015]. 2012 Crassostrea gigas -->
107945 Cheung, W.L., R. Watson and D. Pauly 2013 Signature of ocean warming in global fisheries catch. Nature 497:365-368. 2013 Crassostrea gigas -->
106091 Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs 2013 Commercial Designations of Fish United Kingdom. [Accessed 01/06/2016]. 2013 Crassostrea gigas -->
94906 Pacific Northwest Shell Club 2014 Pacific Northwest marine molluscan biodiversity. Pacific Northwest Shell Club, [Accessed 06/02/2014]. 2014 Crassostrea gigas -->
106220 Mok, J. S., J. Y. Kwon, K. T. Son, W. S. Choi, P. H. Kim, T. S. Lee and J. H. Kim 2015 Distribution of heavy metals in internal organs and tissues of Korean molluscan shellfish and potential risk to human health. Journal of Environmental Biology 36: 1161-1167. 2015 Crassostrea gigas 3
117327 Octavina, C., F. Yulianda, M. Krisanti and Z.A. Muchlisin 2015 Length-weight relationship of Ostreidae in the Kuala Gigieng estuary, Aceh Besar District, Indonesia. AACL Bioflux 8(5):817-823. 2015 Crassostrea gigas 820;Fig.3
109255 Carpenter, K.E. and N. De Angelis (eds.) 2016 The living marine resources of the Eastern Central Atlantic. Vol. 2: Bivalves, gastropods, hagfishes, sharks, batoid fishes, and chimaeras. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes, Rome, FAO. pp. 665-1509. 2016 Crassostrea gigas 761
121515 Wong, T.L.A. 2016 Ecology and biodiversity of benthic marine molluscs before and after the 2012 trawling ban in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: The University of Hong Kong, M.Phil. Thesis, 302p. 2016 Crassostrea gigas 219-260
125519 Ulman, A., J. Ferrario, A. Occhpinti-Ambrogi, C. Arvanitidis, A. Bandi, M. Bertolino, C. Bogi, G. Chatzigeorgiou, B.A. Ciçek, A. Deidun, A., Koçak, C. Ramos-Espla, M. Lorenti, G. Martinez-Laiz, G. Merlo, E. Princisgh, G. Scribano et al. 2017 A massive update of non-indigenous species records in Mediterranean marinas. PeerJ 5:e3954. 2017 Crassostrea gigas -->
118628 Palomares, M.L.D., R. Froese, B. Derrick, S.-L. Nöel, G. Tsui, J. Woroniak and D. Pauly 2018 A preliminary global assessment of the status of exploited marine fish and invertebrate populations. A report prepared by the Sea Around Us for OCEANA. The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, p. 64. 2018 Crassostrea gigas -->
3477 2050 2050 Crassostrea gigas -->
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