Biodiversity in Pitcairn (PCN)
  FishBase Complete Literature Reference
Species Families Species Families
Marine 720 223 No 250 Temereva, E.N. and V.V. Malakhov, 2001
Freshwater Yes
Total 701 216 No
Geography and Climate Pitcairn Is located in Oceania, are islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Peru to New Zealand. Area comparatively about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC. Climate is tropical, hot, humid, modified by southeast trade winds; rainy season (November to March). Terrain consists of rugged volcanic formation; rocky coastline with cliffs. Elevation extreme has the lowest point in Pacific Ocean 0 m and highest point in Pawala Valley Ridge 347 m. Natural resources are miro trees (used for handicrafts), fish; note: manganese, iron, copper, gold, silver, and zinc have been discovered offshore. Natural hazards are typhoons (especially November to March). Environment—current issues: deforestation (only a small portion of the original forest remains because of burning and clearing for settlement).

Ref.  Anonymous, 1999
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