Biodiversity in Suriname (SUR)
  FishBase Complete Literature Reference
Species Families Species Families
Marine 394 155 No
Freshwater 35 4 Yes
Total 430 159 No
Conservation List of freshwater species completed using CLOFFSCA work. The following information is to be sought: - Status of knowledge of the freshwater fauna; - Existence of conservation plans; - Information on major aquatic habitats or sites within the country; - Current major threats to species; - Future potential threats to species; - Contact(s) for further information.
Geography and Climate Suriname is located in Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana. Area - comparative: slightly larger than Georgia. Total land boundary is 1,707 km, border countries are Brazil 597 km, French Guiana 510 km, Guyana 600 km . Climate is tropical; moderated by trade winds. Terrain consists mostly of rolling hills; narrow coastal plain with swamps. Elevation extreme has the lowest point in unnamed location in the coastal plain -2 m and highest point in Wilhelmina Gebergte 1,286 m. Natural resources are timber, hydropower potential, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore. Environment—current issues: deforestation as timber is cut for export; pollution of inland waterways by small-scale mining activities Geography—note: mostly tropical rain forest; great diversity of flora and fauna which for the most part is increasingly threatened by new development; relatively small population most of which lives along the coast

Ref.  Anonymous, 1999
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