Anthozoa | Actiniaria
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 0 - 1600 m (Ref. 108103). Subtropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 8.0 cm H male/unsexed; (Ref. 363)
Approximately 6 to 8 cm in height and less than 10 cm in diameter in extension (Ref. 363). Occurs at the water line, especially in sheltered places such as the inside of harbor walls (green .Actinia), red .Actinia can occasionally be encountered in the intertidal zone of Azores (Ref. 201); Common run on the rocks, of surface to a few meters of depth (Ref. 363). Also found in infralittoral zones (Ref. 85338). Solitary (Ref. 2377).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end.
Wirtz, P., O. Ocaña and T. Molodtsova. 2003. (Ref. 201)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 0.6 - 14.2, mean 7.8 (based on 456 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)