Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomatida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 1 - 200 m (Ref. 125208). Temperate; 78°N - 48°S, 142°E - 20°E
Western Pacific, Arctic, Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean: from Japan south to New Zealand, northeast to Tunisia and Svalbard. Temperate to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7726)
Occurs in shallow waters of less than 50 m to depths of 200m, in areas of silt to fine sand (Ref. 96391). Sessile (Ref. 3123).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Harvey-Clark, C. 1997. (Ref. 7726)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)