Gastropoda | Patellogastropoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 50 m. Temperate, preferred 15°C (Ref. 107945); 32°S - 43°S, 116°E - 153°E
Indo-West Pacific: Endemic to Australia, from Fremantle, Western Australia to Angourie, New South Wales and south to Blubber Head, Tasmania.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 3 - 9 cm Max length : 20.0 cm SHW male/unsexed; (Ref. 93239)
Adults live on rocky surfaces, hidden in crevices, caves, fissures or vertical rock faces (Ref. 93239). Frequent in estuaries, in natural beds on a shingle and mud bank (Ref. 63218). Broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into lecithotrophic larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults. Also Ref. 833 (Ref. 105526).
Broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into lecithotrophic larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults. Also Ref. 833.
The Academy of Natural Sciences. 2006. (Ref. 3204)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO(Aquaculture: production; fisheries: production) | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 14.2 - 18.4, mean 16.4 (based on 84 cells).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.85, Based on 3 stock assessments.
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)